Around the World... One Journey at a Time. Around the World... One Journey at a Time.






North to Alaska

by Kathy 7. September 2011 16:43

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<<Lake Louise |

 

Banff National Park

Banff National Park covers some of the most spectacular sections of the Canadian Rocky Mountains, including Lake Louise where we had hiked to an authentic tea house high above the jewel-green water. 

Over the next two days, we explored other areas in the park, including: waterfalls in Johnston Canyon, a former coal-processing center called Bankhead, mountain bike trails along the Bow River, the Banff Park Museum, and downtown Banff.

Johnston Canyon Trail

About 20 miles southeast of Lake Louise, was Johnston Canyon—a narrow gorge with waterfalls and a trail that is purportedly “one of the most popular hikes in all of Canada.” The trail description was enticing: winding over wooden footbridges, through a tunnel, and along catwalks embedded into canyon walls. We couldn’t pass that up!

Johnston Canyon was located along the Bow Valley Parkway, a narrow road that ran beside the Bow River:

Over a million people hike Johnston Canyon every year. To avoid the crowds and ensure a parking spot for our RV, we arrived before 8 a.m. The parking lot was practically empty, but several tour buses had already deposited their loads of passengers onto the trail.

The route was up-and-back, not a loop. We planned to walk 1 ½ miles (3 miles round trip) to reach the highest waterfall, called Upper Falls.

Genevieve, at the trailhead:

Near the entrance, we found the sweeping curves of this tree trunk:

The trail was paved, with railings along the side next to Johnston Creek.

Large portions of the trail were attached to the canyon wall with steel beams:


For fifty years, the path had wooden bridges over the water, but the park had replaced those with the much sturdier steel catwalks in 1974.

The catwalks had to be strong enough to carry the weight load of large groups of hikers:

An easy half-mile walk brought us to the Lower Falls:

A bridge crossed over to a small tunnel that led to a closer viewing point. Here are the bridge and cave from a higher perspective:

A view of the waterfall from the bridge:

Only a limited number of people could comfortably stand on the viewing point through the tunnel. We waited outside for a mass of people to exit the tunnel. Genevieve and Sebastian showed more patience (and manners) in waiting their turn than some of the adults around us.

Sebastian, entering the tunnel:

Being closer did allow us to feel the powerful energy of the falls.

The spray coated us with a fine layer of moisture.

Sebastian and Genevieve:

With a line of people at the tunnel entrance, we really couldn’t linger too long.

Continuing onward, the trail climbed past Lower Falls, with more catwalks clinging to the canyon walls. We were thrilled to have this section almost to ourselves.



As we moved steadily uphill, the creek presented a series of waterfalls—low but lovely:



Without the crowds pressing around us, I could relax and notice all the details in the scenery.



Ben and Sebastian, hand in hand:

Genevieve discovered some rock slabs that looked as if they might have been stacked by a giant’s hand:

Close to the Upper Falls, we reached a fork in the path. There were no signs. We opted for the part that headed downhill toward the river, and we soon reached a catwalk with stairs that led to a viewing platform near the bottom of the waterfall:



Across the creek, water was flowing down the canyon wall, giving it a smooth and slippery appearance:


Rather than eroding the wall, the water was actually building it up—creating new rock! The water seeping out of the upper edges of the cliff contained dissolved limestone rock. A special type of algae thrives on the wet cliff-face, and it absorbs the carbon dioxide from the water. As the carbon dioxide is removed, limestone crystals form on the wall and build up over time to form new layers of “travertine” limestone—the type of rock used to build the Colosseum in ancient Rome.

After viewing the waterfall from below, we backtracked along the path to reach the fork. Here is the elevated trail along the creek:

The upper path curved around and led to the top of the waterfall, where we peered over the edge and watched the foaming water plunge almost 100 feet to the pool below:


Near the roaring mass, a smaller stream plummeted off the cliff edge:

The hike back to the parking lot was considerably less than serene, as we scooted by and through hoards of other hikers on the skinny trail. We weren’t the only ones intrigued by the idea of catwalks, bridges and a tunnel!

Bankhead, the Briquette Town

In contrast to the crowds at Johnston Canyon, there were very few people wandering the paths through the former coal-processing area known as Bankhead.

From 1903 to 1922, the Canadian Pacific Railway operated Bankhead Mine in Banff National Park to supply its steam engines with much-needed coal. The mine opened at a time when the government actually encouraged mining in the park, compared to today when the focus is generally on conserving public resources, not exploiting them.

The meadows below the mine were transformed into a processing area that turned the coal into small briquettes. Here is what the area looked like in 1911, one hundred years ago:

When the mine closed in 1922, the vast majority of buildings either were moved to the towns of Calgary or Banff, or they were destroyed.

Today, only a scattering of foundations and couple of buildings remain. Here are Ben and the kids in the main area:

A trail looped through the former industrial area, with exhibit signs explaining the history behind the crumbling walls or concrete foundations.

Near the trail entrance were the remains of an important building—the Lamp House:

Before heading into the mines each morning, the miners would stop by the Lamp House in the morning to pick up a numbered lamp. That lamps would then be returned at the end of the work day. If an empty gap existed where a miner’s lamp should be, a search of the mine shafts would ensue.

We then passed through the upper meadow, where the cement foundations of now-absent structures were hidden by tall grass.

At the far end of the meadow was the Transformer Building, which once converted the energy produced in the Power House to a standard voltage that could be used in nearby towns.

The building was locked, but the windows contained various exhibits about Bankhead’s history.

Next to the Transformer Building was an old railway car that could hold 2 tons of coal:

During the peak of coal production here, over 400 coal cars were hauled out of the mine each day.

Also on display was an old ventilation fan that had blown fresh air into the mine shafts, clearing out swaths of coal dust and poisonous methane gas.

Continuing our walk, we curved down to a lower meadow that contained the foundations of the Boiler House:

In the Boiler House, coal was burned to heat water, which produced steam that was used to power all the machinery at Bankhead. Here is an old photo showing the building’s exterior:

About half the coal produced in Bankhead was so brittle that it had to be processed into briquettes to make it usable for heating homes or fueling steam locomotives. The coal was combined with Pennsylvania pitch, and then subjected to intense heat and pressure to form the briquettes—up to 500 tons daily. This photo shows the Briquette Building:

Another key building was the Breaker, where various screens and chutes were used to separate the coal from rock and then sort it into nine different sizes. Today, the Breaker’s foundation was overgrown with small trees:

Here is how the Breaker Building once looked:

Part of the coal sorting involved removing all the “slack”—bits of rock and unsalable coal. Even today, the slack heaps were still visible:

The slack heaps marked the boundary of the shantytown for the Chinese immigrants, who were segregated from the rest of the workers and had the worst living conditions. Most of the other mine workers lived in modern homes in a relatively nice residential district above the industrial area, far from the slack heaps.

Coal was transported to the Breaker Building from the underground mine on small trains that pulled about 30 cars. Here is a shorter version:

The capsule shape of the locomotive was quite unusual:

We learned that it was powered by compressed air in order to minimize the risk of igniting the highly flammable methane gas within the mine tunnels.

At the rear of the train was a passenger car for the miners. All aboard!

Leaving the Bankhead area, we noticed the intricate patterns on the aspen tree trunks. Some of the designs looked like they had been hand-drawn to create a natural totem pole:

Around the Town of Banff

One of the highlights of our day occurred just outside the town of Banff, when we noticed a black bear emerge from the bushes and start to cross the road:

We immediately stopped so that the bear could cross safely, but the traffic on the opposite side was still flowing. The bear took a few hesitant steps into the road, and that’s when we saw that she had some cubs with her—there were three small cubs, the most that we have seen with a mama bear!

The mama bear must have decided the risk of crossing was too great because she quickly turned around and headed back into the bushes. One of the cubs lingered on the edge before making an about-face:

We didn’t see any more bears during our stay here, but those four were certainly a special treat.

Our campground was on the outskirts of Banff, and we decided to ride our bikes along the Bow River, making a loop that would take us into town. We followed a steep and slippery downhill trail to connect with the Bow Falls-Hoodoo Trail, described as “intermediate/advanced” with sharp climbs and descents. Once again, Genevieve and Sebastian rose to the challenge.

Here is Genevieve at the top of a slope:

Navigating down a set of stairs by the river:

Looking back up the stairs:

A more mellow section:

Across the river was the historic Banff Springs Hotel (now owned by Fairmont Hotels):

One of the first buildings that we saw upon entering the town of Banff was the Banff Park Museum, which is a National Historic Site of Canada:


The museum was opened in 1895 and was western Canada’s first natural history museum. It was initially designed as part of a grand plan by the railroad to attract wealthy travelers to the Banff area. The museum is of historical significance because its extensive collection of preserved wildlife reflects “an early approach to the interpretation of natural history in Canada.” Specifically, the specimens were gathered during a time when naturalists thought that the best way to study an animal was to catch and kill it.

We stopped our bicycles in front of the museum and discussed whether we wanted to go inside. The stereotypical scene in which the adults try and cajole their children to visit a museum was flipped on its head in this instance. Ben and I were on the fence about going inside—it was late in the day, we were a bit tired, and we felt that we had already explored so many museums on this trip. I mean, how much more could we learn and absorb? Well, the answer turned out to be “quite a lot.”

First, Genevieve and Sebastian were the ones urging us to go inside. How often do kids beg to go to a “museum”?! That alone taught us that we must be doing something right in our long-time approach to not only include museums of all types in our travels, but also to try to make those visits as fun and interesting as possible.

Second, this museum was really different from all the others that we had been to during our trip throughout Canada and Alaska. The interior showcased hundreds and hundreds of local animals, all meticulously preserved and displayed. There must have been every single type of bird and mammal that existed within Banff National Park. Here is a view looking down from the open second story:

The museum also contained information that allowed Genevieve to finish up the requirements in her Xplorers booklet to earn a certificate and a dog-tag type of necklace with the park’s name. We were happy to have Chantal, at the front desk, review Genevieve’s booklet and give her an oath to protect nature:

August was high-season for tourists in Banff, and we were in the thick of it:


For dinner, we happened upon the Bear Street Tavern, whose motto was “Ridiculously Good Pizza.”

And, yes, it was really superb!

Afterwards, we couldn’t resist the scoops of creamy goodness from “Cows”, which offered a variety of flavors such as “Smoores,” “Gooey Mooey,” and “Moo York Cheesecake.”

Rising above the town of Banff was Cascade Mountain:

We had another view of the mountain the next day on our way out of town:

From this new angle, Cascade Mountain appeared to be a completely different mountain than the one visible in town. Perhaps that is the magic of Banff National Park. There are so many different areas and personalities—Lake Louise, Banff town, Bankhead, Johnston Canyon, the Trail of Six Glaciers, and so much more—that ten people could spend a week here and each have a different experience depending upon their “angle” or interests.

 

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Places We’ve Been, w/Quick Links

Bhutan
   Bumthang Valley
   Gom Kora
   Kanglung
   Mongar
   Paro Valley
   Punakha Dzong
   Sangdrup Jongkhar
   Thimphu
   Tongsa
   Wangdi Phrodrang

Bolivia
   Caranavi
   Guanay
   Janko Marca
   La Paz
   Laguna Colorada
   Laguna Verde
   Llica
   Potosí
   Queteña
   Rurrenabaque
   Sajama
   Salar de Coipasa
   Salar de Uyuni
   San Pablo
   Santa Rosa
   Sorata
   Sud Lipez
   Tupiza
   World’s Most Dangerous Road

Canada
   Banff National Park
   Battle Hill Nat'l Hist. Site
   Boya Lake Prov. Park, BC
   Burns Lake Bike Park
   Canyon Sainte-Anne
   Chetwynd
   Dawson Creek
   Eastern Townships
   Fort Nelson
   Isle-aux-Coudres
   Jasper National Park
   Kluane Lake, YK
   'Ksan Historical Village
   Lake Louise
   Liard Hot Springs
   Montreal
   Niagara Falls
   Ottawa
   Quebec City
   Quesnel
   Thousand Islands
   Toronto
   Vancouver
   Vancouver Island
   Victoria
   Watson Lake
   Whistler
   Whitehorse

China
   Beijing
   Datong
   Forbidden City
   Great Wall at Mutianyu
   Hong Kong
   HuaShan
   Lijiang
   Summer Palace
   Terracotta Warriors
   Tiananmen Square
   Xi’an
   Yangshuo
   Yungang Caves

Costa Rica
   Arenal Volcano
   Finca Corsicana
   Hanging Bridges
   Manuel Antonio
   Poas Volcano
   Proyecto Asis
   Quepos
   Sarchi
   Sky Trek Zip Lining
   Venado Caves
   Zarcero

France
   Paris

Ecuador
   Amazon Rainforest
   Chaquiñan Bicycle Trail
   La Mitad del Mundo
   Napo Wildlife Center
   Papallacta Hot Springs
   Proyecto DCR
   Quito
   Yasuní National Park

India
   Bagdogra
   Darjeeling
   Delhi
   Gawahati
   Jaigaon
   Kalimpong

Mexico
   Baja California
   Crucecita
   Frida Kahlo Museum
   Hierve el Agua
   Huatulco
   Marietas Islands
   Mazunte
   Mexico City
   Monte Alban
   Oaxaca City
   Patzcuaro
   Puerto Angel
   Puerto Escondido
   Puerto Vallarta
   San Agustin
   San Martin Tilcajete
   Santa Fe de la Laguna
   Santa María el Tule
   Sayulita
   Studio of Jacobo Angeles
   Teotihuacán
   Teotitlán del Valle
   TzinTzunTzan
   Yagul
   Yelapa

Namibia
   Caprivi
   Dead Vlei
   Elondo Village
   Etosha Nat'l Park
   Hippo Pools Camp
   Hoba Meteorite
   Katutura
   Khowarib Camp
   Moose McGregor's Bakery
   Mowani Camp
   Ngepi Camp
   Nkasa Lupala
   n'Kwzi Camp
   River Dance Lodge
   Seisfontein
   Seisriem Camp
   Sossusvlie
   Swakopmund
   Treesleeper Camp
   Twyfeltein
   Windhoek

Peru
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   Barranca
   Cajabamba
   Cajamarca
   Caraz
   Cañón del Pato
   Celendín
   Cerro de Pasco
   Chachapoyas
   Cusco
   Huamachuco
   Huánico
   Huaraz
   La Oroya
   Leymebamba
   Llanganuco
   Lima
   Machu Picchu
   Moyobamba
   Nuevo Jaén
   Pallasca
   Pampas
   Tápuc
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   Tarma
   Tingo Maria
   Tocache
   Yungay Memorial

Portugal
   Burgau
   Coimbra
   Evora
   Lisbon
   Marvao
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   Sintra
   Sitio

South Africa
   Johannesburg

Spain
   Barcelona
   Bilbao
   Hondarribia
   Madrid
   Montserrat
   Nerja
   Rock of Gibraltar
   Ronda
   Santillana del Mar
   Tolosa
   Zaragoza

United States National Parks
   Arches National Park, UT
   Badlands National Park, SD
   Bandelier National Monument, NM
   Bryce Canyon National Park, UT
   Cahokia Mounds (UNESCO site), IL
   Carlsbad Caverns National Park, NM
   Canyon de Chelly Nat'l Monument, AZ
   Cape Hatteras National Shoreline, NC
   Capitol Reef National Park, UT
   Civil Rights Memorial, AL
   Death Valley National Park, CA
   Denali National Park, AK
   Devil’s Tower National Monument, WY
   El Morro National Monument, NM
   Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.
   Glacier National Park, MT
   Grand Canyon National Park, AZ
   Grand Tetons National Park, WY
   Great Basin National Park, NV
   Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, HI
   Joshua Tree National Park, CA
   Kaloko-Honokohau Nat'l Hist. Park, HI
   Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks, NM
   King's Canyon National Park, CA
   Martin Luther King Jr. Nat'l Hist. Site, GA
   Mesa Verde National Park, CO
   Montezuma's Castle Nat'l Monument, AZ
   Monticello, VA
   Mount Rushmore National Memorial, SD
   Mt. Rainier National Park, WA
   Olympic National Park, WA
   Petrified Wood National Park, AZ
   Pinnacles National Monument, CA
   Pu'uhonua o Honaunau Nat'l Hist Pk, HI
   Pu'ukohola Heiau Nat'l Historic Site, HI
   San Antonio Missions Nat'l Hist. Park, TX
   Tuzigoot National Monument, AZ
   Walnut Canyon National Monument, AZ
   Washington Monument
   White Sands National Monument, NM
   Wrangell-St. Elias National Park, AK
   Wright Brothers National Memorial in NC
   Yellowstone National Park, WY
   Yosemite National Park, CA

United States, Cities and Places
   The Alamo, TX
   Alaska Wildlife Conservation Cntr.
   Alpine Loop in CO
   Anchorage, AK
   Antares Junction, AZ
   Arctic Circle, AK
   Barrel Oak Winery in VA
   Biloxi, MS
   Bottle Tree Farm in CA
   Calico Ghost Town, CA
   Canfield Mountain Trail System, ID
   Cape St. Vincent, NY
   Carson City, NV
   Carter Caves State Park in KY
   Chappie-Shasta OHV Area, CA
   Child's Glacier, AK
   Circle B Chuckwagon Show in SD
   City Museum in MO
   Cody, WY
   Corn Palace in SD
   Crazy Horse Memorial in SD
   Custer State Park, SD
   Dalton Highway, AK
   Dinosaur Tracks in AZ
   Discovery Place in Charlotte, NC
   Dry Falls (Sun Lakes-Dry Falls), WA
   Fairbanks, AK
   Front Royal, VA
   Gallup, NM
   Goffs, CA
   Grand Canyon Caves, AZ
   Grand Canyon Skywalk, AZ
   Grave Digger Monster Truck in NC
   Great Salt Lake, UT
   Hackberry General Store in AZ
   Hannibal, MO
   Hatteras Island, NC
   Hawaii (Big Island)
   Hickison Petroglyphs, NV
   Holbrook, AZ
   Hole in the Rock, UT
   Homer, AK
   Honey Island Swamp Tour in LA
   Hoover Dam, NV
   Hyder, AK
   Jim Gray’s Petrified Wood Co. in AZ
   John’s Peak OHV Area, OR
   Kailua-Kona, HI
   Keepers of the Wild Nature Park in AZ
   Kennecott, AK
   Kennecott Copper Mine in UT
   Kingman, AZ
   Lake Havasu, AZ
   Lake Tahoe, NV
   Las Vegas, NV (winter 2010)
   Little Brown Church in IA
   London Bridge in AZ
   Loneliest Road in America, Hwy. 50, NV
   Los Angeles, CA
   Lost Colony Show on Roanoke Isl., NC
   Lowe’s Speedway in NC
   Mardi Gras World in LA
   Mark Twain Museum in MO
   Meteor Crater, AZ
   Million Dollar Highway, CO
   Minnesota Zoo
   Mitchell, SD
   Moab, UT
   Moab, UT (dirt biking)
   Montgomery, AL
   Montpelier, ID
   Navajo Nation, AZ
   Needles, CA
   Nevada Beach, NV
   Newberry Springs, CA
   New River Gorge, WV
   New Orleans, LA
   Niagara Falls 
   North Pole, AK
   Oatman, AZ
   Old Faithful Geyser in WY
   Omak Stampede, WA
   Painted Desert, AZ
   Park City, UT (summer)
   Plymouth, NC
   Portage Valley, AK
   Portland, OR
   Prospect OHV Trail System, OR
   Resaca, GA
   Riverside State Park, WA
   Rock City in TN
   Rosa Parks Library and Museum in AL
   Roswell, NM
   Russian River, AK
   Salt Lake City, UT
   San Antonio, TX
   San Diego, CA
   San Juan Islands, WA
   San Francisco, CA
   Santa Catalina Island, CA
   Seattle, WA
   Sedona, AZ
   Shoe Tree in CA
   Shoe Tree in NV
   Silverton, CO
   Sonora, TX
   St. Louis, MO
   St. Paul, MN
   Talkeetna, AK
   Telluride, CO
   Route 66
   Twin Knobs Recreation Area in KY
   Virginia Beach, VA
   Washington D.C.
   Wayne Fitzgerrell State Park in IL
   Williamsburg, VA
   Winom Frazier OHV Area, OR
   Winslow, AZ
   Zion National Park, UT

Planning Our Adventures

For us, each journey begins with the initial heart pangs to venture to a certain part of the world. Then the ideas start coming together . . . ahh, the possibilities . . . and the dream evolves gradually into an actual plan. But, oh, the joy of the dream!  Click here to learn more about how we plan and prepare for our journeys.

Where Are We Now?

Click here to discover where we are now, as well as our uncoming travel plans.


Words for the Heart

“. . . and then the day came when the risk to remain tight in a bud was more painful than the risk it took to blossom.”

Anais Nin